Inhibiting the mountain lakes of Sulawesi, Indonesia, Rabbit Snails are a rare type of snail that resembles Malaysian Trumpet Snails (MTS). They’re beautiful, peaceful, and curious. Definitely, they’re considered a nice addition to your aquarium.
They’re also known by the names: Tylomelania, Poso Snails, and Elephant Snails.
Let’s dive deeper into
the world of these majestic creatures. We’ll take a look at their basic
characteristics, eating habits, and their reproduction and breeding.
Rabbit Snails are
peaceful slow-moving freshwater snails. If it’s your first time to see one, you
might be surprised by their unusually gigantic size, which measures up to 5
They have long droopy
antennae alongside with a long rabbit-like face. Hence, the name.
The coarse wrinkled texture of their skin,
which resembles an elephant’s, is the reason why some people call them
‘elephant snails’, in case you were wondering!
Their shells are
shaped like a cone, with a recurring grooved spiral pattern.
Rabbit snails are curious by nature, yet they have somehow a ‘sedated’ behavior so
don’t be worried if they sit still for a while. It’s normal.
Here’s a brief summary of their defining characteristics.
|Water Temperature:||76 – 84 °F|
|Water Type:||Hard water|
|Life Span:||1 to 3 years|
Rabbit Snail Types
- Black Rabbit Snails
- Gold Rabbit Snails
- Red Rabbit Snails
- Orange Rabbit Snails
- Dark Chocolate Rabbit Snails
- Yellow & White Posso
These types mainly
vary in appearance, among a couple of other things. Their shells range from
soft porcelain-like ones, all the way to heavily sculptured shells.
No matter what their type is, their main body will be bright orange or yellow, contrasted with a dark shell. The shell can be black, brown, or dark chocolate. It might feature some dots or texture too, for an improved sophisticated look!
Rabbit snails are
among the easiest types of snails to keep and take care of.
You start with making
sure that Nitrate and Ammonia levels are 0 ppm. To maintain their shells’
health and texture, it’s preferred to keep them in alkaline water. Optimal pH is around 8.2 to 8.4. Regular to
semi dim lighting conditions are preferred.
temperature, it should be around 76 – 84 °F.
When it comes to
substrate, rabbit snails do well in both sand and gravel. Sand is preferable,
as they’ll practice their digging and burrowing hobbies easily. Yet, they do
well when it comes to gravel.
Their preferred tank mates include Neon Tetras, Dwarf chain and Zebra loaches, and Otocinclus. They do well with most shrimp species too, especially Sulawesi shrimp.
Accidents might happen, it’s normal, especially when you have a mixed population. If the shell is cracked, it can repair itself. Just make sure to cover the damaged area with something like nail polish or an eggshell and leave it. It’ll gradually regenerate.
What Do Rabbit Snails Eat?
When it comes to food,
rabbit snails aren’t picky; they
care about quantity rather than quality, and probably will eat anything that
looks edible to them.
scavengers, and they love greens! For them, any type of vegetables or
algae-based foods will do.
Their favorite dish
would be a generous amount of ‘fresh’ greens. Lettuce, broccoli, peas, spinach,
cucumbers, bell peppers, and blanched zucchini will be perfect.
They’re also fond of
flakes, algae wafers, spirulina powder, algae pellets, and different types of
pellets. They’ll accept soft algae, but only in the condition of having no
Java Ferns are appealing to them, no matter how ‘full’ they are from eating other food, for a rabbit snail, there’s always room for some Java Ferns!
the sole element we care about when we talk about feeding rabbit snails is
calcium, as it’s crucial to keep their shells, which they can’t survive
without, in good condition. Supplements are okay. Just make sure they’re
Copper-free, as it’s toxic to rabbit
Beware of the fact
that they target green leafy plants to eat them, as they might attack your decorative plants in the
aquarium assuming they’re food.
Food means a lot to these creatures; they’ll dig in the ground looking for food.
How Do Rabbit Snails Reproduce?
One common concern about introducing snails to your aquarium is the fact that they breed quickly. In no time, your 1 or 2 initial snails will form a population.
Luckily, rabbit snails
are not like that. They breed slowly relative to other snails at least, producing one offspring a time. Let’s take a look at how they do so:
- Rabbit snails start breeding when they reach a certain size (about 1.5 inches). Under normal conditions and good care, this will approximately take about a year, more or less.
- Male and female rabbit snails are identical, yet the two genders are present. You’ll need a minimum of 3 snails to have good chances in the breeding process. Also, you have to make sure that they’re well-fed to catalyze the breeding process.
- The male fecundates the female by passing a spermatophore. Like a kangaroo, the female carries the fertilized egg inside its ‘sack’.
- It takes about 4 to 6 weeks until it’s ready. Then, the mother produces a perfectly gelatinous ‘egg’ that actually looks like a pearl. The baby will emerge from the sack afterward, within a couple of hours.
- Usually, when aqua creatures are introduced to new aquariums, they breed faster. It’s something called ‘shock birth’. Don’t be surprised if this happens with your snails.
- A single offspring is produced most of the times, but they can be twins. Their size is between 0.125 to 0.25 inches.
Beware that these tiny
creatures are born super hungry. They’ll start eating off any green stuff they
see. Don’t be fooled by the petite size.
The offsprings are by
no means shy. They’re inquisitive, and they start exploring everything around
Worthy to note is that the life span of rabbit snails usually is between 1 to 3 years.
Do Rabbit Snails Burrow?
The short answer is
Yes. Rabbit snails do burrow.
Rabbit snails are
‘lazy’ creatures, if we may say. They’re slow and they don’t move much. Yet,
they burrow constantly, especially if you have sand substrate. You’ll see them
climbing plants as well.
Probably they won’t be doing a lot of burrowing in gravel.
Will Assassin Snails Kill Rabbit Snails?
The fact that rabbit snails are gigantic protects them from assassin snails, as they won’t be able to attack them in such size.
This doesn’t mean it’s
impossible though, let’s say that it’s highly unlikely. Also, assassin snails prefer smaller prey.
Beware, if they’re
hungry, they’ll have no other option rather than opting for bigger prey. So,
don’t rely on the size thing.
However, they’re more than capable of attacking baby rabbit snails. You have to be careful in such situations. But again, rabbit snails won’t breed if they’re placed in the same tank with assassin snails.
While not the most
common snails out there, rabbit snails are interesting and good looking. Most
importantly, they require minimal care, just give them food and they’re
For these reasons,
they’re getting more popular lately. We tried to give you an in-depth view on
them throughout this article. We hope it has helped you and maybe encouraged
you to buy one!